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Messages - phatt

Tubes and Hybrids / Re: Tube Amp Trouble
March 30, 2024, 01:36:06 AM
Quote from: saturated on March 29, 2024, 08:37:10 PMAlso it seems like the tube close to the doghouse (rectifier) looks kinda white ashen....idk.


If the Valve has a white haze then it has lost vacuum and it's DEAD. :(
Time for a new one, Phil
Fair point if you want ultra light.
and yes I have no doubt if you have an understanding bank manager then quilter and like stuff might be fine.
I play live and hence plugins and software stuff are no use to me.
I've heard they are realistic for recording but a lot of fussin for a live gig.
I take Guitar Amp and Pedalboard,, plug in and play.
When I do on occasion record my rig it comes out pretty close to what it sounds like live.
If the hum was not present before then a fair chance you have left off a ground connection somewhere. Check continuity from chassis to all common points.
Other possible issue is you have grounded something that should not be grounded and now have a ground loop. Sometimes there are isolation washers under screws that can easy get missed.
hi Megatrav,

Wise not to focus on one aspect like Efficiency.
Heck, Valves waste a lot of energy as heat yet they are still considered the holy grail of tone for a lot of guitar players.
There are just so many rabbit holes in this field that are mostly a waste of time.
I have 3 Valve Amps but my main setup is a pedal board which delivers a great sound into an old 70's 80's era Keyboard Amp.

If you research how Valves actually work you will realise that a lot of the magic is due to a very poor Power supply.
Depending on the design With no signal the HT voltage might read 400VDC in a valve amp. Turn up the volume and hit a big power chord hard and that 400V will drop like a brick, You might see it drop by 100V or more, depends on The ability of the PSU design.
As that signal fades away that voltage rises back up.

This is effectively causing compression so the sound level actually drops and limits the absolute SPL and as the Voltage rises back up it gives the impression of more sustain.
But with SS amps the supply voltage is very stiff and hence no magic sustain.
A SS 40 volt supply might only sag 2 or 3 Volts and by then you get into hard clip which is ugly, so hence SS gear gets a bad reputation.

So to recreate that effect with SS gear you will need a compressor.
I do all of that with my pedal board and the Amp just makes it louder.
The Amp adds very little colour to the final sound although it does have a spring Reverb which adds a final touch. I use 3 OD dirt pedals into my Compressor.
the Gain of all 3 dirt pedals are set fairly low and as you turn each one on you get more drive. And the compressor does 2 jobs obviously it adds compression but it also keeps the absolute SPL in a set range so when I play leed parts nothing gets too loud.
I use an optical compressor as they tend to work very well for OD rock guitar sounds.

As for Class D stuff I've noticed that the freq response often goes down way too far and that can be a big problem if you are trying to reproduce the classic sounds.

Understanding and limiting the bandwidth of your gear will help refine your sound.
Too much Low and High freq will just frustrate you and drive you crazy.
There are many ways to great tone and even when you get there you will find that different venues and rooms can give different results. I have built many circuits and thought I had cracked the holy grail only to find that when I played live it sounded like crap.

If it interests you I posted a recording of my gear on here a while back.
This will give you some idea of what can be done with all SS gear.
Regards from an old bloke who has spent lots of time down these rabbit holes, Phil
The Newcomer's Forum / Re: LA4282 in BTL bridge mode?
February 18, 2024, 07:38:40 PM
I guess one could mix concrete with a food blender but there are better ways.
Bridging small chip amps is counter productive,
If you want more power ,,Get a bigger Chip that is designed for higher power,
LM3886 are cheap.
Quote from: Endeo on February 07, 2024, 03:03:47 PMCan anyone confirm if the output of the voltage divider is a recording out or something? (marked headphone/rec out? on the schematic)
Yes as it has a Preout then the other is likely a head phone.
As the amp is working it's unlikely the hiss is failing transistors.
A fair bet those older circuits were noisy by design.
 I just found this schematic Sears 40 XL;  (post 38)

If that is your Schematic I can tell the circuit will be prone to Hiss as there is no inter-stage volume. The Volumes are before the first stage (passive) and wired backwards so even with the volume control off the rest of the circuit is wide open. = Hiss
So even if you replaced Everything that design will always be prone to hiss.
Hi Maddus,
          Good on you for having a crack at this  8)
but sorry but I doubt it's correct.

You will have to go over this quite a few times to get it right.
My advice is use paper and pencil as you may well end up having to draw it out many times.

Use Nodes to label each wire, then count how many components connect to each node or wire.

I started out doing this well over 30 years ago, no internet just some books and a few schematics. I used to end up with a bin full of scrap paper before I got it right.

Also check pinouts on the active components,wrong pinout on transistors is a common mistake.
Oh ed1; if you can up load some pics of both sides of the PCB we maybe able to help you verify the drawing.

Most headphones will work some better than others. R34 reduces the volume for headphone out.
Obviously use common sense and turn the volume down if the level is higher than needed.
Yes you can use Headphone output to record but both channels will be mono. Suck it and see.

R31 & R32 forms a 10/1 divider for Preout which should have been labeled "Direct Out".
Whether you take a signal from R24 Post Gain or from Direct Out will make little difference as the TDA2040 will simply reproduce what is at its input.(give or take an electron)

As for FX;
Q, How do you intend to use an FX Loop?
In such a simple circuit there is little benefit.
In all my years of playing I've found they cause more problems than they solve. just put your FX in front.
Although they do come in handy when trying to fault find a circuit.

As for Mods;
If it was mine I would raise the value of R20 (220k) up to 1Meg it will likely make the tone controls more effective. Although it will make that more sensitive and at high volume it may introduce a bit more hiss. suck an see

I often use 2Meg in the type of tone circuit.
Obviously a very early design tank, maybe not double sprung.
If you notice most fender amps have the internal spring assy connected to the outer case via springs but then the whole unit is also slipped into a soft bag to reduce any tendency to feedback.
But if the other tanks works better then easy fix.

Those of us who are old enough to remember how hard it was to stop vinyl record players from feedback at high volumes in disco teks, we found many inventive ways to stop that problem.

I built a few DJ rigs for DJs and some turntables were harder than other to fix.
without a schematic it's hard to know but I'd guess the preamp section is causing the harsh distortion, not so much the power stage but it is a budget amp design and high chance there was little to no R&D before it went on sale.
You obviously have continuity on both ends of the tank so either the cable is open or shorted, or the drive circuit is dead.
The drive circuit has just 2 transistors so it should not be hard to find replacements.
Just a note on Digi Amps and SMode supplies.
Ok they are cheap, light weight, and so so convenient.
But keep in mind, Unlike Smode supplies Iron and Copper Transformers have an indefinite life span, if used within spec.
Jezzus Not even god could make a more bullet proof design. 8)

 I doubt that in 50 years from now that these SMPS circuits will still be running as they are far more complex and hence far more prone to failure.
Notice how many Dead computer Power boxes fill bins in repair shops.

Now I'm not up to speed on Digi amps but the few I've had the displeasure of working with leaves me thinking that it's hard to beat a basic old school transistor poweramps.
Well designed unit go for years without issue. Of course Can caps dry out eventually but simple to replace.
with most things now surface mounted and hard to work with it's a throw away item. But by then you find out OH sorry they don't make them anymore. ::)
 and you are left with land fill. :'(  :'(

If it interests you Rod Elliot has a ton of info on Amp design, a lot of which is aimed at muso gear.
Start here;

I have found him to be very helpful while trying to build Analog Power Amps.
Amplifier Discussion / Re: Tech 21 Trademark 60 Noise
January 13, 2024, 03:56:12 PM
You may have a dry or cracked joint somewhere. Get a wooden skewer stick and start gently probing and prodding around the PCB, large components are more prone to cracked solder pads.
You might be wise to build a limiter before you power up next time as it will save you blowing transistors. All info needed can be found here;